What is Share Capital

What is Share Capital and How it Works?

If you’re thinking to set up your enterprise as a limited company (or you have already set up), you must know what share capital is and how it works. Shareholders within the company are only responsible for what they put into the business as limited companies are ordinarily “limited by shares.” 

Share capital questions

You would often encounter the questions like:

  • What are shareholders, and What is share capital?
  • Is there any limit to a share capital?
  • How much share capital your company has? How to find it?

We’ll answer all these questions in simple language for your understanding. So, read on to find the ins and outs of share capital and see how successfully it may assist your company.

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What are Shareholders?

The people who possess shares in a limited company are known as shareholders. These shares show that how the proprietorship of a company is partitioned. In this manner, shareholders together possess the company.

Both people and associations can be shareholders in a local company. They have few rights in deciding for the company(‘voting rights’), like changing the company title and designating or expelling executives. But shareholders don’t direct the company unless they’re also directors.

You are required to provide details about the shares and how they’ve been issued after registering your limited company.

Details include the

  • Shareholder’s names and addresses
  • Number of shares and your company’s share capital


What is Share Capital? Is there any Limit of Share Capital?

The overall number of shares a company issues to its shareholders is termed as share capital. Shares issued are usually £1 when setting up a local company. In case more than one share is issued, then it will decide who directs the company. For instance, if two shares are issued for two shareholders within the company, then the company will be directed equally by those two shareholders (each party owns 50% of the company). If the two shareholders were to possess two and three shares individually, the partition would be 40/60%.

The minimum limit of shared issues to a local company must be at least one share, although there is no maximum limit. Every shareholder requires to pay the value of their shares (to the company). For instance, on the off chance that a shareholder possesses 40 shares at £1 each, they would pay the company £40.

At the time of joining, PLCs (Public limited companies) probably issues two shares but, it is also required to issue a share capital (at least £50,000). Before the company starts its trade, it must pay 25% of the issued share capital.


How to Find your Company’s Share Capital?

The Articles of Association and Memorandum for a company should state the initiatory share capital at the time of establishment. In addition, the most recent Confirmation Statement of a company is required to have a full list of individuals connected. 


Are you Required to Pay for your Shares in Full? – If you have a Limited Company

It depends on the company to issue either paid or unpaid offers. A local company would often issue completely paid shares. This implies the shareholder pays the overall amount (agreed) and has no further monetary commitment to the company. A company can too issue nil or mostly paid offers and declares if or when the shares need to be paid for. If the company goes into liquidation, shareholders must pay for their shares in full.



We hope you have got the basic information on what is share capital and how it works. Share can also be transferred by filing a transfer form. 

We would sum up our discussion by saying that starting up a new business can be complicated and requires legal tax advice. However, our limited company accountants will give you a comprehensive understanding; if you’re up for establishing a limited company, Check our limited company packages to cover all that you’re looking for.


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