What is Net Pay? Net Pay Vs Gross Pay

What is Net Pay? Net Pay Vs Gross Pay – Definitions & Formulas

Do you know what’s being deducted from your annual salary and what is progressing to be your take-home pay? So, it is essential to understand what is net pay and how it differs from gross pay to help you oversee your funds and make several goals for increasing profits and developing a career.

This article will investigate what net pay and gross pay are, what findings are taken from it, and how to calculate your profit. So, Let’s start!


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What is Gross Pay?

To know what is net pay and how it can be calculated, we first need to understand gross pay. Before any deductions or taxes, the amount of money you earn every month is known as gross pay. It is equal to your standard compensation(salary) or wages, as well as things like occasion pay, sick pay, any rewards you’ll receive and overtime. You get this pay hourly, week by week, month to month or every year. Within the UK, this amount can’t be below the National Minimum Wage decided by ACAS. 


Gross Pay Formula – Calculation

You find out your gross pay period and an annual number of pay periods to calculate gross profit. Then multiply your pay by the total periods of the year.

For Instance: Let’s suppose your monthly earning is £10,000 as there are 12 pay periods, so your employer will pay this amount 12 times in a year. Therefore, your annual gross pay will be £10,000 x 12= £120,000. Similarly, you can calculate your hourly, daily, weekly or monthly gross pay by this method.


What is Net Pay?

After deductions, the amount of money left in your payslip is called net pay. These deductions can be mandatory or optional. It is also known as take-home pay (you can take this pay home as an employee). Moreover, due to taxes and other deductions, net pay is smaller than the gross pay.


Net Pay Formula – Calculation

You have first to determine the gross pay to calculate the net pay of an employee. The formula for calculating net pay is as follows:

Net pay= Gross pay – All types of deductions


Net Pay Formula


First of all, you need to determine your gross salary, list down all deductions and amounts, and add up all. Then, after adding all types of deductions, subtract them from the gross profit. Finally, you’ll be able the calculate your net pay.

For instance:

Your monthly pay is £10,000, and your total deductions are £500, then your net pay will be 

Gross pay – All types of deductions £10,000 – £500      

                                                      Net Pay = £9,500


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Mandatory and Optional Deductions

Following are the compulsory deductions:

Student Loan Repayments – You’ve got to pay 9% for plans 1, 2 and 4 and 6 % (over the limit earning) for the Postgraduate advance taken from SLC.

Government Income tax – This is often the tax explicitly imposed on personal pay with the basic rate of 20%, higher rate of 40% and additional rate of 45%.

NICs (National Insurance Contributions) – You need to pay National Insurance, which includes the State Pension and National Credit, for some specific benefits depending on your contributions.


Net Pay VS Gross Pay

Your gross pay will ordinarily show up at the top of your salary statement. It’s the sum of the amount your manager pays you as per the job agreement. On the other hand, your net pay is what you take home after all contributions and charges are deducted from your gross pay. Net pay is equal to gross pay minus all types of deductions. For example, if you regularly earn £4000 whereas £250 is taken as findings, at that point, your gross pay will be £4000, and the net pay will be £3,750. The difference between your gross and net pay is the deductions. In most cases, net pay will appear in a more prominent textual style or bolded to make it easier to recognise.


Why Cheap Accountants?

We hope with the highlighted details, you have understood what is net pay and how it is different from gross pay, as getting these concepts are helpful to run a successful business. Cheap Accountants in London reduces your business stress by handling your payroll and payroll tax needs in affordable packages. Contact us now for customised packages!


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